map of evergreen cemetery
 

Though there are over 300,000 individuals interred here, this site profiles a few dozen people and monuments that represent some of the cemetery's lesser-known and famous residents including activists, actors, city builders and soldiers, among many others, and places each person within a broader context of local history. The content on this site includes excerpts from the book Evergreen in the City of Angels. If you are interested in even more information, please buy the book. Its proceeds go to support the Studio for Southern California History, a nonprofit dedicated to local history.

 
timeline l sites l resources l acknowledgements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

442nd Infantry Regimental Combat Unit

This monument was dedicated to the 442nd Regimental Combat unit that served in World War II on Memorial Day in 1949. According to the Go For Broke Memorial committee, the unit continues to gather military honors for its bravery:

On October 5, 2010, President Barack Obama signed S.1055, a bill to grant the Congressional Gold Medal, collectively, to the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and Military Intelligence Service, in recognition of their dedicated service during World War II. The Congressional Gold Medal is the highest civilian award bestowed by the US Congress. The decoration is awarded to an individual or unit who performs an outstanding deed or act of service to the security, prosperity, and national interest of the United States.

The plaque on the memorial reads:
This memorial is reverently placed here by the Japanese American Community, under the auspices of the Southern California Burial and Memorial Committee, in memory of American soldiers of Japanese ancestry who fought, suffered, and died in World War II that Liberty, Justice, and Equal Opportunity in the Pursuit of Happiness might come to all democratic and peace-loving people everywhere regardless of race, creed, color or national origin. Dedicated: May 30, 1949. return to map

442nd Infantry Regimental Combat Unit

1888 Shrine

2010 Memorial Wall

Created by the Chinese community in 1888, the shrine was designated in 1990 as a 19th Century Los Angeles Chinese Cemetery Shrine Historic-Cultural Monument No. 486 and underwent a two-phase renovation project from 1993 to 1997. With a central altar and two kilns surrounded by an iron wrought gate, the shrine serves as the setting for the Chinese Historical Society of Southern California’s annual Ching Ming to honor ancestors, which involves a grave cleaning. Irvin Lai of the Chinese Historical Society of Southern California refurbished the shrine in the late 1980s--it had been covered in mud and nearly inaccessible. After the MTA controversy in 2006, an ad hoc committee was formed that agreed to the reburial of the unearthed bodies and artifacts from next to the Chinese shrine. In addition to a memorial marking graves in the lawn, a large wall was installed with recreations of the recovered headstones. The headstones have a poem inscribed on them. return to map

1888 shrine
 

Eddie 'Rochester' Anderson

Eddie Rochester Anderson was an actor most known for playing ‘Rochester Van Jones' on the "Jack Benny Show." He was the son of a minstrel, Big Ed Anderson, and a circus tightrope walker, Ella May Anderson. return to map

Eddie Rochester Anderson
 

Kiyoharu Anzai

Known as the "Mayor of Manzanar" as well as the "Schoolmaster," Anzai was born in Japan, completed his college education at Sendai, Japan and came to Berkeley, California to continue his education in 1908. He moved to Los Angeles in the hope that an illness would be alleviated by the climate. He finished a degree at the University of Southern California in Philosophy and Sociology and opened an English language school for Japanese farmers in the San Gabriel Valley in 1913. After being interned at Manzanar in 1942, he was elected the block managers’ assembly chairman. return to map

Anzai
 


Atlas

This graffiti is considered art by many Los Angelenos and dates to 2010 when artist Ricardo Ordoñez, known as Atlas, spray painted cats all over Los Angeles. return to map

Atlas
 

Harutun Avedissian

On October 11, 1953 Iranian refugee Harutun Avedissian who died in Stuttgart, Germany at the age of 77 had a final wish realized when the German consulate allowed him to be buried at Evergreen Cemetery in Los Angeles and near his three sons and daughter who lived in Los Angeles. return to map

Avedessian
 

James Herman Banning

James Herman Banning is considered the first licensed African American male pilot. On the eve of the Great Depression, he moved to Los Angeles to serve as chief pilot for the Bessie Coleman Aero Club. Banning and co-pilot Thomas C. Allen became the first African Americans to fly coast-to-coast from Los Angeles to Long Island, New York, in 1932. return to map

Banning
 

Francis C. (Frank) Bartlett

Francis C. Bartlett served during the Civil War with Companies E and K of the Thirty-first Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteers, from 1862 to 1865. On 5 July 1898, responding to a questionnaire from the Bureau of Pensions, Frank identified his wife as Eliza E. Cramer, deceased on Christmas day 1883 in Missouri. He listed his children as Alice, Fredrick, Bessie, Belle, Edwin, Emma, Pearl and Grace. According to researcher John C. Clement:

In an affidavit filed 9 March 1907, he lists his residence as Soldiers Home, Los Angeles, California. His personal description is given as five feet, five and one-half inches, fair complexion, blue eyes, light colored hair; that his occupation was farmer; that he was born 11 June 1844 at Fayette, Wisconsin.

Bartlett championed a GAR Post and on April 26, 1891, the cornerstone for the Frank Bartlett Post Monument GAR was placed; it was described as 20 feet high and having no sculpture on top. The monument also honors General John A. Logan. return to map

GAR- Francis Bartlett
 

Charlotta Amanda Bass

Charlotta Bass, née Charlotta Amanda Spears, was an African American journalist, businesswoman, and activist who helped set the civil rights agenda in Southern California throughout the first half of the twentieth century. She edited and published the oldest African American newspaper in California, The California Eagle, from 1912 through 1951, led protests against economic discrimination and racist depictions of African Americans in emerging mass media, and eventually became the first African American woman to run for national office when she became the Progressive Party’s Vice-Presidential candidate in 1952. return to map

Bass
 

Matthew Jr. "Stymie" Beard

Matthew Beard Jr. was an actor, best known as a member of "The Little Rascals," by playing the part of "Stymie" in 36 "Our Gang" shorts from 1930 to 1935. Beard was the son of a minister and had 13 siblings. In the summer of 1930 his parents brought him to an open call at Hal Roach Studios, where they were on a talent search for someone to replace Allen "Farina" Hoskins from the "Our Gang" series. Director Robert McGowan hired him on the spot, without even a screen test. Beard was a natural performer who effortlessly stole every scene he was in. Stymie’s onscreen trademark, an outsized derby hat, was a gift from comedian Stan Laurel, who was a fan Beard's skills. He was nicknamed “Stymie” by McGowan because of Beard's habit of getting in the director’s way. return to map

Beard
 

Louise Beavers

Beavers is best remembered for her heart-wrenching performance in "Imitation of Life" (1934) as an Aunt Jemima figure whose self-destructive, light-skinned daughter abandons her mother and passes for white in white society. Her 160 other screen appearances include "What Price Hollywood?" (1932), "She Done Him Wrong" (1933), "Made for Each Other" (1939), "Reap the Wild Wind" (1942), "Holiday Inn" (1942), "The Jackie Robinson Story" (1950), "Tammy and the Bachelor" (1957), and "All the Fine Young Cannibals" (1960). return to map

Beavers
 

Jesse and Joann Belvin

Jesse Belvin was born in Texarkana, Texas on December 15, 1932 and moved with his family to Los Angeles at the age of five. Belvin attended Jefferson High School. He soon became one of the map recording rhythm n’ blues artists, although he possessed a great spectrum of vocal ability. His sounds include jumpin’ jive, “a humorous Casters-like group sound,” and “something evocative of the Drifters’ ‘Latin’ song.” Fellow artist Marvin Gaye confessed that when he first saw Jesse Belvin perform along with Sam Cooke he tried to avoid friends and family for days because he was busy practicing and memorizing everything he heard the two singers do. Belvin’s talent was so great that many songs were written at the spur of the moment and only employed one musical chord. Some hits have the same melody but Belvin imitated different instruments with his voice--specifically “Guess Who” and “Goodnight My Love.” return to map

Belvin
 

Alfred O. Benson

When Detective Alfred O. Benson was buried at Evergreen Cemetery the entire Los Angeles Police Department  attended, and each member of the force left a bouquet of flowers on his grave. Police commissioners Arnold, Bosbyshell, Weldon served as pallbearers and several proclamations were made at his gravesite:

Whereas, on the 11th day of August,1894, our noble brother officer, Detective Alfred O. Benson, was by the hand of death removed from our ranks, we, his fellow-members of the Los Angeles Police Department, on this, his funeral day, as we place our last tribute of flowers upon his bier, consign his earthly remains to the tomb, and speak our last sorrowful good-byes, all feel that the departed one has earned and deserves the kindliest eulogy. Therefore, be it

Resolved, that in the death of Alfred O. Benson the city of Los Angeles has lost one of its most conscientious, vigilant and capable guards, a man of unimpeachable integrity, possessed of high moral and physical courage, gifted with phenominally [sic] accurate powers of observation, and a memory with only forgot 'fatigue' and 'extra hours' when duty called; an ideal wearer of the star of police authority, whose acts were ever free of malice or vindictiveness, who brought criminals to justice often with sorrow and sympathy for them, but realizing that crime must be punished that right may prevail. With one accord we speak these words of commendation: 'Well done, thou good and faithful servant.' return to map
Benson
 

John W. Bixby

John W. Bixby arrived in Los Angeles when he was 21 years old from Anson, Maine. He married Susan Hathaway in 1873 and they had a son and a daughter. He is part of the Bixby family, which was instrumental in the development of Long Beach-- Bixby Park is named after them. return to map

Bixby
 

Mary H. Black & Gerard Mitchell

F. Gerard Mitchell and Mrs. Mary Black were laid to rest side by side at Evergreen Cemetery, an intimate arrangement made inadvertently by two different undertakers, despite their stormy and storied past. Mrs. Mary Black left her husband and children in England to continue an affair with Mitchell. They arrived in Los Angeles after spending time in San Antonio, Texas with Black's brother. Upon the public discovery of her real identity in Los Angeles, which she claimed went back to Mary Queen of Scotland, Black committed suicide at the Long Beach Hotel. Grief-stricken, Mitchell committed suicide a few days later. Their respective relatives planned to inter the remains elsewhere (one in England and the other in Texas), but settled on Evergreen unbeknownst to each other. Mary's grave has a marker but Gerard is unmarked. return to map

Black
 

Donaldina Cameron

Cameron was a Presbyterian missionary, who advocated for the rescue and education of more than 3,000 Chinese slave girls and women during her ministry in San Francisco from 1895 to 1934. Cameron was born in New Zealand and came to the United States as a young girl. After a failed engagement, Cameron accepted the offer to help at the San Francisco Presbyterian Mission House, now known as the Cameron House. The laws limiting Chinese immigration to the United States prevented most Chinese men from sending for their families back in China. Girls and young women were shipped to the US illegally, presenting forged papers saying they were related to upper class Chinese men already in California. return to map

Cameron
 

Charles Adelbert Canfield

Charles Adelbert Canfield was born in Buffalo, New York and raised in Minnesota. When he was 18, he went to Grand Island, Nebraska where he met his future wife Chloe P. Wescott. In 1868 Canfield went to Colorado to mine for gold where he made his first fortune. In 1886 he came to Los Angeles and partnered with Edward L. Doheny in obtaining oil fields in New Mexico and California and made another fortune. Canfield also invested heavily in real estate. return to map

Canfield
 

Magdalena May Schlador Chandler

Magdalena was born in Galveston and married Harry Chandler in 1889. The couple produced two daughters, Franceska and Alice May. Five years later Chandler married Los Angeles Times publisher General Otis' daughter Marian in 1894. From the Los Angeles Times, August 7, 1892.

The funeral of the late Mrs. Magdalena Chandler, wife of Harry Chandler, of the circulation department of the Times, took place from the residence No. 719 Rosas Street, at 2 o'clock yesterday, and it was very largely attended. The services were conducted by Rev. Mr. Hughes of East Los Angeles, and were simple but impressive, the minister paying a high tribute to the life and character of the deceased. The interment was in Evergreen. The following were the pall-bearers: C.H. Hall, C.E. Richardson, F. X. Pfaffinger and W.K. Bowker.

Also buried at the site are Moses Chandler and Jacob Chandler. return to map

Chandler
 

Pierre Clos

Pierre Clos came to California in the early 1870s probably to join a relative who was a successful rancher in Soledad township (now Newhall). Pierre was born in 1839 in Ossun, a village situated at the base of the Pyrénées mountains in the south west of France near the border with Spain. He opened a livery stable on Aliso Street in 1879. The stables also had a saloon/restaurant in the front of the property, and Clos offered rooms for rent. When he died, he left a widow, a daughter named Marie, who was 5 years old and a son who was 2 years old named Pierre. return to map

Clos
 

Susie Davis

Susie Davis is an administrative clerk at Evergreen's front desk and known for listening to opera and having an elegant sense of fashion. She is a patient person who works five days a week, despite being 87 years old.

Susie Drew

Susie Drew is the mother of Susie Davis. She brought her family to Los Angeles in 1940 from Arkansas and initially settled in a neighborhood at Adams and La Salle Streets. Drew was a steadfast and loyal member of the Greater Page Temple and raised her family in Los Angeles. return to map

Davis
 

James Dettinger

James Dettinger was born in Germany and arrived in the United States as a child. He grew up in Wisconsin and Wyoming and was a compatriot of Buffalo Bill. He was a rancher in Rawlins, Wyoming for 50 years and then moved to Texas where he was a Texas Ranger and fought in several Indian wars. return to map

Dettinger
 

Rosende A. Dorame

This entry was contributed by Devra Weber from "Keeping Community, Challenging Boundaries: Indigenous Migrants, Internationalist Workers, and Mexican Revolutionaries, 1900 - 1920" in Mexico and Mexicans in the Making of the United States  (2012).

Rosende was born to a Mexican family from Sonora that had moved to Florence, Arizona. He was possibly an Opata Indian. He found work where he could--as a barber, a miner, a carpenter, even serving a brief stint as an Arizona sheriff. Piecing together the shards of information, we know he worked in Texas, found jobs across Arizona, in Colorado and California, and possibly labored in northern Mexico. Somewhere in these travels, he joined the Western Federation of Miners and participated in Colorado's Cripple Creek mining strike, which lasted from 1903 - 1905. return to map

Dorame
 

Mary Emily Foy

Mary Emily Foy graduated from Los Angeles High School and was listed in the 1913 yearbook as a “prominent club woman and suffragist.” Almost immediately after high school, she was appointed the first woman head librarian of the Los Angeles Public Library in 1880 at the age of 18. The Los Angeles Public Library was founded in 1872, when women were not allowed to use the facility. return to map

Foy
 

Garden of the Pines

The Garden of the Pines in Section A was dedicated "to the memory of the Issei Pioneers" on November 27, 1966. return to map

Garden of the Pines
   

Frank George

Frank George arranged for his burial and tombstone prior to taking his life by purchasing a plot and ordering a tombstone from the Los Angeles Marble Works on Los Angeles Street. George had the clerks at each establishment swear themselves to secrecy on his name. On February 25, 1892 George's body was discovered at Mrs. Bauck's lodging house at No. 134 South Main Street. He died of a morphine overdose. George was described as an elderly citizen from King's County, Washington. return to map

George
 

Earl Bell Gilmore

Earl Bell Gilmore was the son of Arthur F. Gilmore, founder of Gilmore Oil Company in Los Angeles. Bell was an entrepreneur and expanded the oil company. When he inherited the company, he made it the largest oil marketer in California. According to Los Angeles A- Z: "The firm was known for innovative marketing: patrons who pumped their own gas at a "gas-a-teria" saved 5 cents per gallon." The firm's motto was "Give your car a kick in the gas." Mobil Oil purchased the company in 1943. Gilmore constructed the Farmer’s Market next to his home at 3rd and Fairfax in 1934; it is now a premier tourist attraction. return to map

Gilmore
 

Masashi Goto

Masashi Goto was born in Japan and arrived in the United States in 1921. He worked as a gardener and in 1926 learned to fly airplanes. He saved his money and with friend Takeo Watanabe built a single seated biplane. return to map

Goto
 

Theodore C. Grates

Theodore C. Grates' death caused a furor by anti-cremationist and cremationist factions in 1903, explained in the Introduction. Theodore C. Grates was born in Minnesota from Chaska County. Grates was estranged from his family for several years and was called an "anarchist" by his aunt. He co-founded the Liberal Club and lived in a small cottage at 527 East Pico Streets which he shared with a German cobbler named A. Kempfert who worked as a cobbler in his own shop at San Julian and East Pico Streets. The Liberal Club fought to remove Bibles in public schools and for prison reform. return to map

no marker

(hidden hotspot)

 

Mack R. Gravelly

Mack Gravelly was a beloved son and described as a "Negro parachutist" by the Los Angeles Times. return to map

Gravelly
 

Lucy U. Gray

Mrs. Lucy U. Gray was buried with "the highest honors that can be paid a member of the police department" and was eulogized as "the mother of the force." return to map

Gray
 

Sam Haskins

Sam Haskins was the first recorded African American Los Angeles Fire Department member to die in the line of duty. He was killed when a fire carriage ran over him en-route to a blaze. His grave was then left unmarked and it was not until 2002 that his story was made known to the African American Firefighters Museum of Los Angeles. The monument for Haskins was unveiled on February 29, 2004. Sam Haskin's story was discovered by graver Joe Walker who questioned a Los Angeles Times article that cited a 1960s death as the first African American to be killed in the line of duty. return to map

Haskins
 

Elizabeth Hollenbeck

Elizabeth Hollenbeck was born in Germany and met her future husband John Hollenbeck while in Costa Rica. John was originally from Connecticut, and the two had a child in 1854. Due to poor health, the couple sent their son to family in Illinois, but he died while Elizabeth and John were still in Costa Rica. In 1876 John and Elizabeth moved to Los Angeles for a better climate for John's illness. Hollenbeck earned his wealth through different facets of tourism including hotel and railway development and was instrumental in the development of Boyle Heights, Exposition Park and the banking industry. John succumbed to a stroke in 1885. Elizabeth donated a 21-acre parcel of land to the city to create Hollenbeck Park. The Hollenbeck Home was an early home for the elderly who were also indigent. return to map

Hollenbeck
 

Eugene Richer dit La Fleche

Eugene Richer dit La Flèche was born in St. George de Windsor in Quebec, Canada in 1871. La Flèche started a religious movement called the Mission of the Holy Spirit in Canada. return to map

La Fleche
 

Isaac Lankershim

Isaac Lankershim is known as a "pioneer," city builder and land baron who profited from the break up of the rancho land grant system. Lankershim was born in Germany as a Jew and converted to Baptist. Lankershim brought his family to San Francisco, California in 1852 by covered wagon using horses. He arrived in Los Angeles in 1869. He and his son-in-law, Isaac Newton Van Nuys, developed the San Fernando Valley outside of Los Angeles that experienced a "boom" in the 1870s and 1880s, making Lankershim a rich man. He built the first flourmill in 1878 for Los Angeles. Both a street and a town were named for Lankershim; the town is now known as North Hollywood. return to map

Lankershim
 

Jolly John Larkin

"Jolly John Larkin" is the stage name for John Larkin Smith, an actor known at times to have had movie houses fighting over him for roles. Larkin was a vaudeville performer and actor born in Norfolk, Virginia. return to map

Larkin
 

James Raleigh Mackey

James Mackey was a Negro League Baseball Star. Throughout his career, he was known as a great defensive catcher, switch-hitter, and played the outfield and all infield positions. He had a .318 batting average in 20 seasons with the Indianapolis ABCs, Philadelphia Hillsdales, Baltimore Elite Giants and Philadelphia Stars. Mackey also managed the Newark Eagles. return to map

Mackey
 

CHAPEL, COLUMBARIUM, RECEIVING VAULT

Evergreen Cemetery's receiving vault was built by the architects Declez and Gilbert in 1882. The original receiving vault was 20 X 16 feet, and 20 feet high. The Los Angeles Times reported its 1882 unveiling:

 It is built of solid stone, laid in cement; in Gothic style of the 14th century. The elaborately ornamented arch over the entrance rests on columns of cut stone on top of which immediately beneath the arch on each side are placed sculptured figures displaying great artistic merit.

At the four corners are buttresses surmounted by nicely carved pinnacles, and the center of the front is surmounted by a larger and still handsomer pinnacle.

The roof is Gothic shaped also, and is built of stone laid in cement. The vault has twelve depositories made of solid marble, inside and out. The building is a handsome one, and the word executed on it is highly creditable to the contractors...


Barbara Katherine Landa

Norma Flores Landa's younger sister Barbara Katherine Landa was interred in the Columbarium. According to her:

My baby sister, Barbara Katherine Landa, was born in the Los Angeles County Hospital on January 14, 1939, to Joseph Lujan and Ruth Amparo Ramirez. She and I were baptized at St. Joseph's Catholic Church on April 16, 1939. She died of Sudden Infant Crib Death when she was 8 months old. My family was unemployed and had no money for a headstone. My mother got some money from a Boyle Heights charity fund at La Casa Del Mejicano in order to buy her funeral plot in the poor side of Evergreen cemetery. Years later, when my mother inherited some money, she bought Barbara a bronze marker #572 at Evergreen Cemetery. The name on the


Joseph Ernest Lujan

Joseph Ernest Lujan was born in Corona, Riverside County, California on November 26, 1909. His father was Andres Lujan, age 26. And his mother was Grace Lujan, age 16. Joseph's birth record shows his name as "Joce Maria Lujan." He changed his name to Joseph Ernest Lujan when he was an adult because Maria sounded like a girl and he admired Ernest Hemingway's writings. As a youth, he was a prize fighter and used the name Indian Joe Lujan. He lived with Ruth Amparo Ramirez, the mother of his children, from 1936 until 1950 while he worked as a swamper for various meatpacking companies in Vernon. From 1950 until his death on March 10, 1971, he ran his own news stand near his apartment at 1002 E. 7th Street in Los Angeles. He died of gastrointestinal bleeding-liver failure-due to alcoholism.


Ricardo Flores Magón

In 1923 the receiving vault held the body of playwright and anarchist Ricardo Flores Magón en route to Mexico.The Los Angeles Times reports the body was actually buried at Evergreen for a few months. Magón was a journalist and co-founder of the Mexican political party El Partido Liberal. His wife Maria has his body temporarily buried at Evergreen Cemetery until January 1923 when the Confederation of Railwaymen of Mexico raised enough money to have his body sent to Mexico. Magón was a major force in the Mexican Revolution's resistance to Porfirio Diaz. He died as a prisoner in Leavenworth Penitentiary after having been imprisoned for violating the 1917 Espionage Act. Some argue that he was murdered due to neglect in prison. return to map

chapel
 

Bridget "Biddy" Mason

Born into bondage on August 15, 1818, Bridget “Biddy” Mason lived in Hancock, Georgia during the height of slavery. She was torn from her enslaved mother and sold to a slave owner, John Smithson, who traveled with her to Mississippi in 1838 in search of better cropland. She was soon thrust into the backbreaking existence of planting and picking cotton beneath the sweltering Southern sun. Legally, slaves could not learn to read or write so Biddy never acquired such literacy skills. However, slave women taught her nursing, midwifery and livestock care. She learned the natural healing traditions slaves adapted from Africa, the Caribbean, and Native American culture. In 1844, her master gave Biddy away as a wedding gift to Robert and Rebecca Smith who desired Biddy’s unique set of skills.

By 1838 Biddy’s daughter Ellen was born, followed by Ann in 1844 and Harriet in 1847. The father of Biddy’s children remains an historical mystery. In 1848, the Smiths uprooted Biddy and her children and traveled from Mississippi to Iowa and then to Utah. The Smiths were Mormons fleeing religious persecution and seeking a new beginning. They traveled over 2,000 miles by wagon train with Biddy taking on much of the brunt work, walking on foot steering cattle, tending livestock and feeding the party of 56 whites and 34 slaves, including Biddy’s children. The discovery of gold in California in 1848 changed the course of Biddy’s life. She entered the state in 1851 with the Smiths, who sought better fortune in the West. In time, Biddy challenged her legal status as a slave in California. As California entered the Union as a free state, Judge Benjamin Hayes declared Biddy “free forever” in 1856. The judge discovered Smith’s plan to flee into Texas where slavery was legal. Upon acquiring her freedom, Biddy took on the full name of Bridget “Biddy” Mason. return to map

 

Mason
 

Zaidee Petra Maxwell

Zaidee Petra Maxwell died at 22 years of age on New Year's Day in 1903. She died in San Francisco because of an operation for appendicitis. Her funeral was held at Evergreen on January 4,1903. The Los Angeles Times describes it at length:

Miss Maxwell was a beautiful and accomplished young woman, whose early death is greatly regretted by a large circle of friends. Had she lived until tomorrow she would have been only 22 years of age. She was an accomplished horsewoman, and her graceful figure mounted on a beautiful black steed was a familiar sight in Los Angeles. She was a native of this city, her mother's family having been prominent in this country for many years. return to map

Maxwell
 

Charles M. Miller

The husband of Carrie Miller, Charles F. Miller killed himself at her grave on March 17, 1925. The 85-year-old man was grief stricken after the passing of his wife and spent numerous nights at her grave following her death in 1922. return to map

Miller
 

Toyo Miyatake

Toyo Miyatake was born in Kagawa, Japan and immigrated to Los Angeles in 1909. In 1923 Miyatake purchased the Toyo Photo Studio and quickly established himself as an excellent photographer for Little Tokyo and Los Angeles, winning an international exhibit in 1926.During World War II, the Miyatake family was sent to Manzanar concentration camp, where Miyatake was able to bring in a camera in pieces and construct it, although cameras were contraband. His photographs of Manzanar are the few representations of "camp life." return to map

Miyatake
 

Kiyoshi K. Muranaga

Muranaga, Army, Private First Class in Company F, 442nd Regimental Combat Team, is one of the many Nisei who were part of the 442 Regimental Combat Team. He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his bravery at Suvereto, Italy, June 26, 1944. return to map

Muranaga
 

Chiharu Okamura

Chiharu Yamamoto migrated from Wakayama Prefecture to the United States in 1912 at age 13 with her adopted parents. They settled in rural farmland in the Sacramento Delta region but a dozen years later she ventured to the fast-growing city of Los Angeles. Settling in Boyle Heights she went to sewing school and earned a living as a seamstress in Little Tokyo. return to map

Toshiyuki Okamura

Toshiyuki Okamura was born in 1894 in Tottori Prefecture, Japan. He left Japan when he was 22 years old in 1916. He arrived in America as a student to learn about agriculture. Toshiyuki registered for World War I in June 1917. His address was in Brawley where he farmed the fertile land of Imperial County, like many Issei (first generation immigrants from Japan) pioneers did. He also briefly lived and worked farmland in Dominguez Hills in the South Bay area. In 1920 he came to Los Angeles to visit his uncle's family and was so enamored of the city and the many Japanese establishments that were in Japanese Town or “Little Tokio” (archaic term; now Little Tokyo) or “Shō Tokyo” as it was called by the Issei that he stayed. He lived on Soto Street, near Los Angeles County General Hospital, and worked for Asahi Newspaper in Little Tokyo. He then moved a few blocks away to the 200 block of No. Mott Street and made a living as a salesman and later manager for Toyo Printing Company in Little Tokyo. return to map

Okamura
 

Kiyoshi Okamoto

Kiyoshi Okamoto was born in Hawaii and known for starting the only organized World War II draft resistance movement from within one of the 10 War Relocation Authority camps to protest the unconstitutional incarceration of people of Japanese descent into US concentration camps. He served time in Fort Leavenworth for his protests. His grave is finally found by the efforts of Marie Masumoto, wife to Okamoto's nephew Earnie Masumoto. PBS featured Okamoto on a program dedicated to war resisters. Okamoto is described as having:

(C)laimed to have never graduated from any school, but spent two years at the University of Hawaii where he studied chemistry and engineering. He volunteered for service in World War I but was deferred for reasons never explained to him. He worked as a sugar mill superintendent, a construction engineer and a soil test engineer before moving to San Pedro in Southern California to introduce the papaya. He went broke in the Crash of 1929 and dabbled in newspaper writing, business promotion, and work as a movie extra in Hollywood. Just before the mass expulsion he taught school in Los Angeles and is believed to be the first Nisei to teach in a mainland public high school. He was unmarried and had no children, "not that I know of," he once said.

Okamoto was about 55 at Heart Mountain when he began writing manifestoes against the injustice of the camps, calling himself the "Fair Play Committee of One." He taught Frank Emi about the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, and chaired the Fair Play Committee when it took on the draft issue. He tried to have the camp director removed for incompetence, and a week later was handcuffed and shipped to the Tule Lake Segregation Center. He was brought back to stand trial in Wyoming with the other leaders for conspiracy to counsel draft evasion. He is also credited with being the first Nisei to call for redress for the camps.

After the war Okamoto organized a "Fair Rights Committee" and incorporated in the state of California to again seek redress for the camps. He was known to be prospecting for gold in California.

While PBS lists Okamoto as disappearing in 1965, Masumoto tracked him to an East Los Angeles hospital who did not seek out his relatives at the time of his death in 1974 and sent his corpse to the Los Angeles County Crematory at Evergreen Cemetery where he was buried in an unmarked grave. On August 21, 2009 a private service was held for Kiyoshi Okamoto to celebrate the discovery of his final resting place and his life. Masumoto credits the Chinese Historical Society, Nikkei for Civil Rights and Reparations, Japanese American National Museum, and Albert Gaskin and Craig Garnett at the Los Angeles County Crematory for helping in her quest. This grave is not directly accessible through Evergreen; it is accessible on the County property. return to map

Okamoto
 

Pacific Coast Showmen & Women's Auxiliary

The Pacific Coast Showmen and Women's Auxiliary Monument, which has a sculpture of a tiger on map marks space dedicated to indigent men and women entertainers including circus performers. This section of the cemetery was set aside in 1922 and had annual memorial services in December to individuals buried there, including one in which prayers were led by Aimee Semple McPherson in 1935. return to map

Pacific Coast Showmen & Women's Auxiliary
 

George A. Ralphs

George A. Ralphs was a successful businessman who founded the Ralphs Supermarket Chain, the largest supermarket chain in Southern California. Ralphs was born in Joplin, Missouri and came to Southern California as a young child in a covered wagon, led by five yoke of oxen. Ralphs worked as bricklayer but lost his arm in a hunting accident and worked as a grocery store clerk at a store on the corner of Hill and Fifth Streets. According to the supermarket's archived website, George Ralphs’ first store was a 112-foot by 65-foot neighborhood market at the corner of Sixth and Spring Streets in 1873. He opened it with his brother Walter. On July 23, 1896, 46-year-old Ralphs married 23-year-old Wallula Von Keith, known as "Lula," the London-born daughter of J.H. Von Keith, a popular California artist. The Ralphs had three children -- Minnie, Albert George and Annabelle. In June 1914, Ralphs, his wife and their two youngest children, Albert and Annabelle, went for a weekend outing in the San Bernardino Mountains, north of Arrowhead, California. On the morning of June 21, 1914, the family went for a hike in Waterman Canyon where George died in a freak accident. George Ralphs' widow Wallula died in 1941 at the age of 66, and is buried next to her husband at Evergreen Cemetery. return to map

Ralphs
 

Joseph Winchester Robinson

Joseph Winchester Robinson was from Massachusetts and was 45 years old at the time of his death. He arrived in Los Angeles in 1873 and founded a dry goods store called the Boston Store, which was later called Robinson's and Robinson's May. Robinson was popular with his employees and died due to complications of a cold. return to map

Robinson
 

Earl Rogers

Earl Rogers was born near Buffalo, New York. He was son of a Methodist Minister who settled in Los Angeles in the mid-1870s. After being a journalist for a short while, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1897. Rogers preferred civil law, but he realized trying criminal cases appealed to the actor in him. People eventually started a popular saying, “If you are guilty, hire Earl Rogers,” due to his ability to successfully defend his clients.

His famous clients included real estate tycoon Griffith J. Griffith, accused of trying to murder his wife in 1903 (earning a light sentence, arguing diminished mental capacity); Clarence Darrow, indicted for jury-tampering in 1912; and the Los Angeles Police Chief (and later Mayor) Charles E. Sebastian, clearing him of morals charges in 1915. Rogers in total went on to score 183 acquittals out of 202 cases. Earl Stanley Gardner reportedly modeled his fictional character “Perry Mason” after Earl Rogers. His brilliant career came to an end due to alcoholism. He died at age 52, destitute in a Los Angeles boarding house. return to map

Rogers
 

D. Gillis Scott

D. Gillis Scott was part of Company C of the 116 Colored Regiment during the Civil War. These Union soldiers organized at Camp Nelson, Kentucky, June 6 to July 12, 1864. Company C - men mustered in from Camp Nielson, Glasgow, Barren County and Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky. return to map

 

William J. Seymour

William J. Seymour was born the son of freed slaves in Centerville, Louisiana and joined a new Bible school founded by Charles Parham in Houston, Texas in 1905 where he learned the tenets of the Holiness Movement. Seymour was an African American religious figure, once considered "the most influential black leader in American religious history" as he co-founded world Pentecostalism in the early 1900s in what is now Little Tokyo, Los Angeles. return to map

Seymour
 

Katsutaro Tanigoshi

Katsutaro Tanigoshi was a respected Issei (first generation Japanese immigrant) in Los Angeles' community. The inscription on his headstone provides his entry:

In Memory of the late Mr. Katsutaro Tanigoshi,

Enrapt in a high aspiration for the cause of humanity he came to America in 1894 at the age of fourteen. With honors graduating from the Wisconsin University in 1903 he completed the seminar course in law at North Western University in 1907. Arriving at the city of Los Angeles in 1909 his life as a public man commenced brilliantly. For the duration of the last twenty years he maintained an exemplary life in serving the public in permuting friendly relationship between America and Japan, officiating as the President of such honorable organizations as The S. C. Central Association, the S. C. Commercial and Industrial Association, The Japanese Association of Los Angeles, the S. C. Wakayama Ken Jin Kai [kenjinkai], and as Vice President of the Japan-American Society of Los Angeles. His efforts in subduing anti-Japanese feeling and in creating and developing Oriental and Occidental industries in the coast area are highly commendable.

In the Heavenly Father he ascended December 21, 1933 at the age of Fifty-Three, leaving his wife Ida May, two sons and one daughter. Erected in 1935 by The Above Named Organizations and his friends. 

Ida May Tanigoshi

Ida May was the wife of Katsutaro, as noted on their grave. In 1917 she attempted to have land transferred from her name to her husband's name and it made the newspaper. Ida May was then described as "the white wife" of Japanese Tanigoshi. However, due to California's Alien Land laws, which prohibited immigrant Asians from owning property, she was unsuccessful. return to map

Tanigoshi
 

 

Cameron Erskine Thom

Cameron Erskine Thom is a complex figure in American history and a Los Angeles leader and public servant. Thom was a Forty-Niner who came to California from Virginia to look for gold. He was elected Los Angeles' District Attorney in 1854, the same year he arrived in town. He was subsequently re-elected as District Attorney from 1854 - 1857, 1870 -1873 and 1877-1879. He served as a state senator from 1859-60. In 1856 he was both City Attorney and District Attorney of Los Angeles County. return to map

Thom
 

Nellie Truelove

Nellie Truelove was born in England and came to Los Angeles in 1895 to continue her work with the Salvation Army. She worked in cities across the world including London, Edinburgh, New York, Cleveland and Chicago prior to coming to Los Angeles where she was the staff captain of the Salvation Army and director of the Rescue Home on North Griffin Avenue. Under her care, she rescued hundreds of girls in Los Angeles. return to map

truelove
 

Vaché Family


The Vaché family came from the île d'Oléron in France. Theophile came first, settling near Monterey in 1830. He planted the first vines south of Hollister, but he eventually returned to France in 1865. In 1855 his three nephews Emile, Theophile and Adolphe joined him in California. After a few years in central California, they came south because of the extensive vineyard plantings around Los Angeles in the 1860s. return to map
Vache Famille
 

Susanna Lankershim Van Nuys

Susanna Lankershim was born in Charleston, Missouri in 1846 to Isaac and Annis Lankershim. They traveled West and were in Los Angeles in 1869 when Isaac Lankershim with Isaac Van Nuys purchased "the south half of the Rancho Ex-Mission." Susanna married Isaac Van Nuys in 1880, and they had three children. return to map

Van Nuys
 

Charles P. Williams

The history of an early African American police officer was recovered at Evergreen in 2010. Charles P. Williams died in the line of duty in 1923. return to map

Williams
 

 

Boyle Workman

Boyle Workman was born in his family's home in an area then known as Hollenbeck Heights, settled by Workman's maternal grandfather Andrew Boyle in 1857. Workman contributed much to Los Angeles in particular in its financial infrastructure. He served as City Council member and President, part time acting Mayor, and assisted in building City Hall. He is the author of The City that Grew. return to map

 

Workman
 

Ginnosuke Yuasa

According to Harry K. Honda, Yuasa worked at the bamboo factory Sanshichi Akita. He was a correspondent and Los Angeles branch manager of San Francisco's Hokubei Mainichi. He was president of the Rafu Nihonjin Kai (Japanese Association of Los Angeles) between 1900-1910, which formed in 1897 to help Japanese immigrants. return to map

Yasua
 
TIMELINE

August 23, 1877

Evergreen Cemetery is officially established in eastern Los Angeles. The proposal that permits its building is passed by the City of Los Angeles, as long as the cemetery agrees to allocate five acres towards a "Potter's Field" or place for the unclaimed corpses of the city. Over the next three years the Superintendent of Evergreen Cemetery R. Cochran plants 2,000 trees and grades its eighteen avenues. Maintaining a green space is difficult; Cochran must carry water in using a cart, from a windmill--a slow process. He lives in a cottage near the entrance to the cemetery with his wife. return to map

August 28, 1882

Evergreen Cemetery unveils its new receiving vault by the architects Declez and Gilbert. The building is 20 X 16 feet, and 20 feet high. return to map

March 17, 1885

The Los Angeles Times is informed about the shallow 2.5 by 3 foot graves dug at Evergreen Cemetery at the funeral of John P. Varnum, whose coffin does not fit the hole. return to map

August 25, 1887

A sexton of Evergreen Cemetery reports the “strange story” of how the Chinese bury and mourn their dead, such as feeding the dead with a lavish meal. Rather than seeing the food left on the graves go to waste, he offers the food to the chain gang in the neighborhood. Soon many poor people are seen wandering the cemetery after a Chinese funeral for a free meal. return to map

January 16, 1891

Bridget Biddy Mason is laid to rest. Former slave, nurse, midwife and humanitarian, Mason is one of the most beloved daughters of Los Angeles. return to map

July 13, 1902

The Los Angeles Times reports on a soldier's "weird request" to have his ashes scattered into the ocean. Sam Kutz, a veteran of the Mexican American War, dies at the Soldiers Home and his wish is granted. His body is cremated at Evergreen Cemetery and his ashes scattered into the ocean in Santa Monica. return to map

February 24, 1904

Miss Pearl Groover throws herself on the casket of her former lover Percy A. Calhoun at his funeral, in front of his wife and children. return to map

February 6, 1906

C. Beard, former Evergreen gravedigger, complains to the District Attorney about the intrusion of occupied cemetery land for internment of new bodies. The buried coffins are broken and the bones set aside to make way for new burials. Victor Ponet, President of the Evergreen Cemetery Association and Belgian vice consul in Los Angeles, vehemently denies the claim stating, "The thing is impossible! Absurd!" return to map

February 6, 1916

The Los Angeles Times reports on the joint Buddhist and Christian memorial services held at Evergreen Cemetery:

In a curious blending of Christianity and Buddhism, the Occident and the Orient, the bodies of H. Shimamoto, wealthy Japanese merchant, his wife, Koto, and their 5-month-child, Ichiro, were conveyed to Evergreen Cemetery yesterday. It was perhaps the most impressive foreign funeral ever held in this city. The family was asphyxiated last Monday night at the home, No. 329 Azusa street, when a vent of a gas stove became disconnected. The funeral, attended by nearly 1,000 Japanese in more than 150 automobiles, was one of the most remarkable and noteworthy the Japanese colony has known. return to map

March 13, 1926

Head of the Sheriff's Office, Captain Bond and a sheriff squadron investigate the reporting of unearthly shrieks, laughter and weird sounds coming from inside Evergreen Cemetery. The Sheriffs discover the source of such macabre noise; a bar (with a barrel of whiskey and one of wine) inside the cemetery's Superintendent's house. Superintendent Zurenberg is found guilty, and fined $500. return to map

September 1, 1929

Archbishop Nish Noguchi, the Buddhist Prelate of the Nichireh sect visits Evergreen Cemetery to honor dead soldiers. Noguchi is on a worldwide tour to "seek out the graves of all soldier dead, without regard to nationality, in order to bless them." return to map

March 15, 1933

Over 400 mourners attend the funeral of Dick Ferris at Evergreen Cemetery. Ferris is a celebrated sportsman and is buried in the Pacific Coast Showman's Association plot. return to map

May 2, 1948

Memorial services are held for George Gushiken who dies in action in France during World War II. Mayor Fletcher Bowron attends the services. return to map

February 6, 1960

Jesse Belvin a hit singer and songwriter dies with his wife in an automobile crash outside of Little Rock, Arkansas after performing the city's first integrated concert. return to map

July 15, 1967

The Los Angeles Times announces that an Obon memorial service will be held in English and Japanese at 9:30 AM in Evergreen Cemetery. return to map

October 31, 1976

Self Help Graphic’s Día de los Muertos celebration originally begins at its building on Cesar Chavez and Gage. Then, in 1976 they add a parade filled with calavera-face-painted painted kids and adults— that is led one mile down Cesar E. Chavez Avenue to Evergreen Cemetery, where the ceremonies continue until the parade returns. Chicano artist Leo Limón remembers leading the procession on its return, driving a 1959 Chevy and honking the whole way. return to map

February 29, 2004

The monument for Sam Haskins is unveiled and is attended by Mayor Villaraigosa, the Sentorians and Joe Walker--who originally located the grave. return to map

August 21, 2009

A private service is held for Kiyoshi Okamoto, Heart Mountain Fair Play Committee founder, to celebrate the discovery of his final resting place. return to map

September 4, 2010

A ceremony dedicates a memorial wall and meditation garden to honor the Chinese laborers and other whose forgotten graves are excavated during the 2006 construction of the MTA Gold Line’s Eastside extension. return to map
RESOURCES

Steve Goldstein is author of L.A.'s Graveside Companion; Where the V.I.P.s R.I.P. and creator of BeneathLosAngeles.com.

Articles

Thomas Bender. "The "Rural" Cemetery Movement: Urban Travail and the Appeal of Nature." The New England Quarterly. Vol. 47, No. 2, Jun., 1974. 

Noel J. Stowe. "Pioneering Land Development in the Californias: An Interview with David Otto Brant." California Historical Society Quarterly, Vol. 47, No. 2 (Jun., 1968), pp. 141-155.

Devra Weber. "Keeping Community, ChallengingBoundaries: Indigenous Migrants, Internationalist Workers, and Mexican Revolutionaries, 1900-1920." in Mexico and Mexicans in the Making of the United States. edited by John Tutino. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2012.

Books

Sharon DeBartolo Carmack. Your Guide to Cemetery Research. Cincinnati, OH: Betterway Books, 2002.

Edwin Carpenter. Early Cemeteries of the City of Los Angeles. Los Angeles: Dawson's Bookstore, 1973.

Steve Goldstein. LA's Graveside Companion: Where the VIPs RIP. Schiffer Publishing, 2009.

Brian Masuru Hayashi. Democratizing the Enemy: The Japanese American Internment. Princeton UniversityPress, 2008.

Douglas Keister. Going Out In Style: the Architecture of Eternity. New York City: Facts on File, 1997.

Douglas Keister.Stories in Stone: A Field Guide to Cemetery Symbolism and Iconography. Salt Lake City: Gibbs Smith, 2004.

Michael Parrish. For the People: Inside the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office, 1850 - 2000. Los Angeles: Angel's City Press, 2001.

Leonard & Dale Pitt. Los Angeles A-Z: An Encyclopedia of the City and the County. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.

William J. Powell. Black Aviator. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994.

Cecilia Rasmussen. LA Unconventional, the Men and Women Who did LA their way. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Times, 1998.

Marilyn Yalom. The American Resting Place: Four Hundred Years of History through our Cemeteries and Burial Grounds. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2008.

Dissertations

Clement Lau. "Alternative Ways, Locations, and Partners to Meet the Recreational Needs of Underserved Communities: the Case of Florence-Firestone."
School of Policy, Planning and Development at the University of Southern California, 2011.

Newspapers
The California Eagle.
The Downey Eagle. 
The Gum Saan Journal.
Los Angeles Times.
The New York Times.
Rafu Shimpo.
The San Francisco Call.
The Los Angeles Star.

Pamphlets

Los Angeles Cemetery Association. Evergreen Cemetery. Los Angeles, Baumgardt Print., 1903.

Websites

Anarchist Black Cross Federation. "Evergreen Cemetery."at http://www.abcf.net/la/laabcf.asp?page=la/evergreen.

The National Park Service. "The Civil War." at http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/index.htm.

Vicki Thomas. "Donaldina Cameron." at The Encyclopedia of San Francisco at http://www.sfhistoryencyclopedia.com/articles/c/cameronDo             naldina.html.

Google Maps at http://maps.google.com/.
           
The Go For Broke Memorial website at http://www.goforbroke.org/.

"Toyo Miyatake" at DiscoverNikkei at http://www.discovernikkei.org/wiki/Toyo_Miyatake.

"JW Robinson Co. Los Angeles." Department Store Museum at www.departmentstoremuseum.blogspot.com/2010/05/j-w-robinson-co-los-angeles.html

"Beneath Los Angeles. " at www.beneathlosangeles.com.

"Find-A-Grave." at find-a-grave.com

"Stolz Family History." at www.stoltzfamily.us/?p=451.

"Groceteria." at www.groceteria.com.

return to map

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS & THANK YOU

Evergreen in the City of Angels: A History of A Los Angeles Cemetery is a book co-authored by Nancy I . Bautista, Bob Drwila, Gabrielle Garcia, Steve Goldstein, Jason Hong, Isabela Haye, Bridget Kane Kelly, Michelle Alexandra Lopez, Deanna Matsumoto and Sharon Sekhon for the Studio for Southern California History. A Very Special Kickstarter Shout Out Goes to the Backers of the book- we could not have done it without you!

Annie
Lisa Burks
Genevieve Carpio
Adrienne Crew
Elena DeGarmo
Denise
Armando Duron
Douglas Erenberg
Donald Esacove

Norma Flores
Karen Fogerty
Jim Gilbert
Sherna B. Gluck
Steve Goldstein
Gilbert Hom
Jane Naomi Iwamura
Sojin Kim
Shirley Kurata

Kristina Lockaby
Tara McPherson
Deanna Matsumoto
Laureen Mitchell
Michael Okamura
Janet Owen Driggs
Aaron Paley
Loren Rhoads
James Rojas


Rina Rubenstein
Neeraj Sharma
ShoeboxLA
Sophia Boo Allison & Paul W. Evans
Karen Wade

Many have helped in the research of this site and its accompanying book: Evergreen in the City of Angels: A History of A Los Angeles Cemetery. buy it!
Lauren Bon & the Metabolic Studio for support of our work; John C. Clement researched Frank Bartlett; Helene De Meestere for her work on the Clos & Vaché families; Norma Landa Flores & Norma Louise Flores for information on Joseph Ernest Lujan & Barbara Landa Lujan; Todd Gaydowski; Lanla Gist; Gilbert Hom, Gordon Hom & Gene Moy of the Chinese Historical Society of Southern California; Hillary Jenks; Dona Lawrie; Tom McDonald of the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office for his research on Cameron Thom and Earl Rogers; Míchel Martinez; Mark Masek & www.cemeteryguide.com; Marie Masumoto and Martha Nakagawa for Yuichi Okamoto; Alexis Moreno; Michael Okumara of the Little Tokyo Historical Society for including his grandparents Toshiyuki & Chiharu Okamura; Jayne Osborne for research on George Ralphs; writers David Pierson, Cecilia Rasmussen, Lynn Simross and Sam Watters from the Los Angeles Times; James Rojas from the Latino Urban Forum; Jeremy Rosenberg's work on Self Help Graphics; Robert J. Stahl's research on Alice Rollins; the Stolz Family Genealogy; Devra Weber for the entry on Rosende A. Dorame and the information on Ricardo Flores Magón; and Joe Walker for his work documenting Evergreen Cemetery. Special thanks to Susie Davis at Evergreen Cemetery's administrative office who has assisted in our work by providing map searches always with grace and patience. This site does not include all of the information available in the book, so buy the book to learn more .
return to map
TIMELINE 442nd Infantry Regimental Combat Unit 1888 Shrine Zaidee Petra Maxwell Frank George Magdalena May Schlador Chandler Sam Haskins Mary Black Jesse & Joann Belvin Gillis Scott Francis C. Bartlett Susanna Lankershim Van Nuys Earl Bell Gilmore Boyle Workman Elizabeth Hollenbeck Bixby chapel Rosende Dorame Pacific Coast Showmen La Fleche Dettinger Benson Harutun Avedissian Emily Foy Canfield Robinson Truelove Earl Rogers Beards Atlas James Mackey Clos Vache Alfred Benson Garden of the Pines Tanigoshi Goto Yasua Muranaga Larkin Bass Beavers Anderson Banning Miyatake Seymour Gravelly Williams Mason Okamura Thom Gray Cameron Anzai Davis Ralphs Studio for Southern California History Grates